How the Axes of Political Belonging Change

How the Axes of Political Belonging Change


Given that the processes of globalization and automation have exacerbated economic inequalities, why do the losers from globalization vote for a party that is proposing a flat tax and not for a party that promotes redistributive policies? Nicola Gennaioli and Guido Tabellini provide the answer in Identity, Beliefs and Political Conflict.
“Large shocks changed the political conflict”, Professor Tabellini says. “New cleavages in society emerged, dividing winners and losers from globalization and automation. The split between left and right has become less important”. The authors integrated the social psychology of groups in political economic analysis. According to them, shocks cause individuals to change their social identity which may be defined by their occupation, region of residence, social class or religious belief.
“There is an element of depersonalization in the acquiring of a social identity. Individuals stereotype themselves by viewing themselves more as members of their group than as unique personalities. Thus, the winners from globalization who identify with an educated and urban group are led to praise cosmopolitan policies, whereas the losers from globalization are driven to exacerbate the conflict between nationalists and cosmopolitans and to mitigate the class conflict”.
In other words, globalization causes income inequality to increase, but the polarization of conflict between nationalists and cosmopolitans dampens the demand for redistribution by those who would benefit from it. There is more. Political dimensions are correlated across individuals. Voters who traditionally identified with left-wing groups are now attracted by nationalism because it satisfies their demand for protection and also their views over immigration and civil rights. Opinion polls in France and the U.S. have confirmed the theory. “This is not a passing phenomenon. The shocks that have caused it are not transitory. They may further exacerbate”.

Read more about this topic:
Nicola Gennaioli. The naive illusion of human rationality
The Influence of Others on University Study Choices
Anger Can Hurt Us and Others
Thinking About It Beats Repeating It
Other Peoples’ Choices Make Organizations Similar
Making Rational Decision Is Good for Performance
Political Corruption Scars Young Voters Forever

by Claudio Todesco


All News
  • COVID: The Multifaceted Truth in the Case of Lombardy

    A strand of research by Alessia Melegaro aims to reconstruct the early stages of the epidemic and the reasons why it hit the region so hard  

  • Quantum Physics and Statistical Physics for Machine Learning Meet at Bocconi

    In the early days of next week the University will virtually host 300 participants of the ELLIS Workshop on Quantum and Physics Based Machine Learning  


  April 2020  
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
    1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30      


All Seminars
  • Il regolamento europeo sui prospetti informativi
    Business law

    Welcome Address Piergaetano Marchetti, Università Bocconi   Coordinator Giovanni Strampelli, Università Bocconi   Introduction Guido Ferrarini, Università di Genova   Speakers Danny Busch, Radboud University, Nijmegen;   Antonella Sciarrone Alibrandi, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano;   Paolo Giudici, Libera Università di Bolzano;   Michele Siri, Università di Genova   Conclusions Marco Ventoruzzo, Università Bocconi


  • Oh, What an UnTangled Web We Weave: The Abnormal Structure of Illegal Digital Marketplace Communities

    JOHN HULLAND, University of Georgia