Women in Politics. Ask the System
POLITICAL SCIENCES |

Women in Politics. Ask the System

A STUDY BY PROFETA AND WOODHOUSE ANALYZES THE HYPOTHESIS OF A TRADEOFF BETWEEN FEMALE REPRESENTATION IN POLITICS AND QUALITY OF LEADERSHIP

According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union database, 121 countries out of 193 have less than 25% female representation. The under-representation of women on the political stage has been addressed in the literature. Paola Profeta and Eleanor Woodhouse (Department of Social and Political Sciences) did it in a novel way, focusing on the role of electoral rules.

In majoritarian systems, the personal exposure of the candidate is more relevant than in proportional systems. The majoritarian systems require a stronger will to compete to which women tend to be more adverse than men. It means that proportional electoral rules favor the election of women with respect to majoritarian ones. At the same time, the majoritarian system enhance the quality of elected politicians. “We wondered if there is a quantity-quality trade-off associated with electoral rules and female representation”.

To provide an answer, the authors collected data on the range of Italian politicians from all levels of government over the period 1987-2013. The 2005 Italian reform changed the electoral rule for national elections from majoritarian to proportional. This change allowed the researchers to test the effects of electoral systems on the representation of women and the quality of politicians measured by their educational level and subnational experience.

“We found out that the proportional electoral rule has promoted women’s representation without a reduction of the quality of politicians”, Paola Profeta says. “We also found evidence of a negative selection effect under proportional rules: the elected women were not the best candidates. This was particularly the case in the Southern Italian regions that are more gender traditional. The overall quality of elected politicians could have increased if the best female candidates had been selected”.

Read more about this topic:
Massimo Magni. The Sense of Purpose of Leaders 4.0
Are Narcissists Good for Their Acolytes?
The Authenticity of the One Guiding the Team
When Style Reduces the Discount
What if Training Is More Important than Talent?
The Boss’s Emotions
The Independence of Those Who Control
Women in Parliament Save Lives. Scores of Them



by Claudio Todesco

News

All News
  • Quantum Physics and Statistical Physics for Machine Learning Meet at Bocconi

    In the early days of next week the University will virtually host 300 participants of the ELLIS Workshop on Quantum and Physics Based Machine Learning  

  • Two Generations of Bayesian Statisticians Meet at BayesLab Webinars

    The Bocconi research unit on Bayesian statistics will host an online seminar series in which outstanding young researchers will have the opportunity to present their work and get feedback from toplevel senior scholars  

Seminars

  April 2020  
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
    1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30      

Seminars      

All Seminars
  • RELAZIONE SULL'ATTIVITA' SVOLTA DALL'ARBITRO BANCARIO FINANZIARIO NEL 2019
    Private law

    COORDINA: PIETRO SIRENA Direttore della Scuola di Giurisprudenza PRESENTANO LA RELAZIONE: MAGDA BIANCO Capo Dipartimento tutela dei clienti ed educazione finanziaria, Banca d’Italia; MARGHERITA CARTECHINI Dipartimento tutela dei clienti ed educazione finanziaria, Banca d’Italia; NE DISCUTONO: FRANCESCO GIAVAZZI Senior Professor dell'Università Bocconi; SABINO CASSESE Giudice emerito della Corte Costituzionale e professore emerito della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. CONCLUDONO: ALESSANDRA PERRAZZELLI Vice direttrice generale della Banca d’Italia; MARCO VENTORUZZO Direttore del Dipartimento di Studi giuridici

    Webinar

  • Estimating the impact of Airbnb on the local economy: Evidence from the restaurant industry

    DAVIDE PROSERPIO, USC

    Webinar